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History

  • The name of the country »

    The name 'Norge' (Norway) dates back to at least AD 800.  It probably means the way north, proof that people started sailing northwards along the coast a very long time ago. It later also beca...

  • Economy »

    People who settled in this area primarily lived from farming. Norway was unusual in some ways in relation to other agricultural societies: The farms were spread out and people did not live in villa...

  • Politics »

    In the Middle Ages, Norway was an independent state with a Norwegian king. From 1397, Norway was ruled by the same king as Denmark, and it was part of the same state. This lasted until 1814, when N...

  • Indigenous people »

    The Sami people are one of several indigenous peoples in the Far North. The Sami have their own culture, language, history and traditional territories, called Sápmi in the Sami language. Sápmi exte...

  • Immigrants »

    There has been immigration to Norway for as long as the Norwegian state has existed. Some came her involuntarily, for example as Irish slaves in the early Middle Ages. Most came voluntarily, howeve...

  • A prosperoous society »

    While Norway was not among the wealthiest countries in Europe a century ago, it is now a rich country. Its national income per capita is among the highest in the world. Access to natural resources ...

  • A welfare state »

    Norway is often referred to as a welfare state. This means, firstly, that the state and local authorities have a responsibility for ensuring that all Norway's inhabitants have access to certain fun...

  • Values that are part of the Norwegian mindset »

    When people are asked about what moral or political values they think are predominant in Norway, most people answer: political democracy, gender equality and equality between all people, intellectu...

  • Ideals and reality »

    We can say that Norwegian society has some important characteristics: democracy, a good welfare system and a high standard of living. That does not mean that there are no problems. Many people hav...