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An employee is entitled to take leave in connection with pregnancy, care in connection with birth, births and parental leave. Leave rights in connection with having a child mean that, together, parents are entitled to take leave from work until the child is three years old. The first year is paid by the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Service (NAV). The employer can demand that the leave be taken as one continuous period. The reason for this is the employer's need for predictability as regards staffing.

An employee is entitled to take the time off she needs to breastfeed her child. This type of leave is unpaid.

An employee is entitled to take time off if the child or childminder is ill. This right applies until the calendar year the child is 12 years old and covers ten days per year, or 15 days per year if the employee has more than two children. If the child has a chronic illness or disability, the employee has extended rights. The Working Environment Act regulates the right to take time off work; rights to benefits in connection with periods of leave are regulated by the National Insurance Act. Pregnancy check-ups are the sole exception. The Working Environment Act entitles women to paid leave for this purpose. Rights relating to benefits in connection with such leaves of absence are otherwise regulated by the National Insurance Act. Contact NAV for more detailed information about such benefits.

An employee is entitled to unpaid study leave for up to three years if the employee has worked for at least three years and has been employed by the same employer for the last two years. In order to be entitled to take this type of leave, the education must be part of an organised course of education, but it does not have to be related to the employee’s position. An employee is not entitled, however, to take this type of leave if it is an obstacle to the employer properly planning the running of the enterprise.

An employee is also entitled to take leave to care for close relatives during the final stages of their lives, to complete military service and to serve in public office.

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